|Title||John Simpson Kirkpatrick. a.k.a. "The Man with the Donkey"|
|Town or Village||South Shields|
|Original Format||Black and White Photograph|
|Copyright||South Tyneside Libraries|
|Further Information||John Simpson Kirkpatrick was born in South Shields but later emigrated
to Australia. In August 1914 he enlisted in the Australian Imperial
Force, as Private John Simpson. Serving with the 3rd Field
Ambulance, he landed at Gallipoli on 25 April and served until he was
killed in action at Shrapnel Gully, on the 19 May, 1915.
He is buried at Beach Cemetery, Anzac cove, Turkey.
He became famous as the "Man with the donkey". Frequently braving
deadly sniping and shrapnel fire, he and his donkey rescued 300
wounded men and carried them to safety. During the last of these
rescue attempts, he was killed by machine-gun fire.
The war diary of the 3rd Field Ambulance commended "the excellence of
the work performed by Pte Simpson continuously since landing". He was
posthumously mentioned in Dispatches. A campaign lobbying for him to
be awarded a posthumous Australian Victoria Cross is still ongoing